Immunomax is a formulation that includes ingredients which contribute to the normal function of the immune system. There are 2 types of immunity, one is an immediate response and one is adaptive. Adaptive immunity changes over time and develops an “immune memory”. The major components of the immune system involved in these 2 immune responses are the skin, thymus, spleen, bone marrow, white blood cells, antibodies, complement system and hormones. It is important to maintain good levels of micronutrients to optimise the different elements of the immune system. A deficiency of certain micronutrients can have an adverse effect on innate immunity. Metabolics have incorporated these nutrients into this formulation in order to produce a powerful immune support formula. Immunomax contains, Vitamin A, B6, B12, C ,D, E and K as well as zinc , copper, selenium, folic acid, astaxanthin, glutamine and olive leaf extract. It is also important to take Immunomax with an Essential Fatty Acid such as Krill Oil or Omega 3.
Immunomax contains the following nutrients:
Vitamin C – contributes to normal function of the immune system under normal conditions. Vitamin C also increases iron absorption, which in turn supports normal function of the immune system. Studies have shown that supplementary Vitamin C consumption increased levels of antibodies in the blood. It has also been shown to be taken up and concentrated in a particular type of white blood cell giving it an antioxidant effect, protecting DNA, lipids and proteins from oxidative damage.
Zinc – As zinc is not stored in the body, proper dietary intake is vital in order to maintain the immune system. Zinc is needed for hundreds of different enzyme pathways in the body and is involved in practically all components of the immune system meaning that deficiency can lead to susceptibility to infectious disease. Zinc also contributes to the normal function of the immune system under normal conditions and is known to be essential for all highly proliferating cells in the human body, particularly those found in the immune system. All kinds of immune cells show decreased function after zinc depletion. In monocytes, all functions are impaired, whereas in natural killer cells, cytotoxicity is decreased, and in neutrophil granulocytes, phagocytosis is reduced. Impaired immune functions due to zinc deficiency are shown to be reversed by adequate supplementation of zinc.
Vitamin A – This is provided in the form of Beta Carotene to prevent any of the toxicity issues associated with Vitamin A. Vitamin A is vital to both innate and adaptive immunity. More than 500 genes are directly or indirectly influenced by retinoic acid (a metabolite of Vitamin A).
Deficiency of Vitamin A leads to susceptibility to poor immune function so adequate levels of vitamin A are important for maintaining a healthy immune system.
Vitamin D – This vitamin contributes to normal function of the immune system, modulating inflammation and contributing to decreasing oxidative stress in cells. There are numerous studies on Vitamin D deficiency and the immune system. It has a positive effect on white blood cells and low levels of Vitamin D have been associated with autoimmune diseases and higher rates of incidence during the winter.
Copper – The development and maintenance of the immune system is dependent on an adequate supply of. Copper also contributes to protection of cells from oxidative damage. Deficiency of copper results in anaemia, neutropenia (release of immature white blood cells) and resultant infections. Copper should always be included whenever there is long-term supplementation with Zinc (more than 3 months), otherwise copper deficiency will occur.
Vitamin B6 – contributes to the normal function of the immune system and regulation of hormonal activity. Several hormones are generated by components of the immune system including lymphokines and thymosin (from the thymus gland). Thymosin encourages white blood cell formation. Deficiency of Vitamin B6 directly impairs white blood cell (lymphocyte) proliferation whereas replenishing deficient B6 has demonstrated repair to the immune system.
Vitamin B12 – also contributes to normal immune system function and plays an important role in cell division. For example, natural killer cell numbers and activity are both reduced in B12 deficiency. Again, this is easily reversed with supplementation.
Selenium – is also important in the maintenance of normal function of the immune system and contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress. There are several selenium dependent enzymes in the body necessary to maintain the immune system. Selenium is an important antioxidant and is also involved in the recycling of Vitamin C, which is vitally important in immune function.
Folate – is vital for the production of DNA and RNA, the genetic material that dictates cell functions. It has an important role in the process of cell division, contributing to the normal functioning of the immune system. A folate deficiency primarily impairs cell mediated immunity.
Olive Leaf Extract (20% Oleuropeins) – Olive leaf contains oleuropeins and tyrosol. Both have powerful antioxidant, antibacterial and antiviral effects.
Astaxanthin is an extremely powerful antioxidant and as such protect against free radical damage.
Glutamine is essential for lymphocyte proliferation, monocyte and cytokine production, macrophage engulfing activities and neutrophil bacterial killing.